Vihal Phonology/Alphabet

Writing System

Vihal uses a modified alphabet, with consonants paired with vowel symbols to form syllable clusters. A  L mark over the vowel indicates the syllable ends with an L; a  N mark over the vowel indicates the syllable ends with an N. Syllable-initial vowels are marked with a dot above (i.e. A I U).

VHLNRS
vhlnrs
 
BJMDK 
bjmdk 
 
IAU 
iau 

Phonology

The Vihal language has eleven consonant phonemes and three vowels:

Consonants
 BilabialDentalAlveolarPalatalGlottal
Plosive b <b> d <d>k  <k> 
Fricative β <v>  z <s>ç  <j>h  <h>
Lateral
approximant
  l <l> 
Tap/Flap  r <r> 

Vowels
 FrontCentralBack
Closei <i> u <u>
Opena <a> 

Phonological Changes

Syllable Structure

Vihal syllables follow a (C)V(l/n) pattern: They typically (but not always) start with a consonant, followed by a vowel. Syllables can only end in either a vowel or the consonants L or N. Example: vi-hal-di a-dal (vihaLdi adaL), "The man speaks/sings."

If an L or N could go with either of two consecutive syllables, it typically goes with the latter. Example: ru-nil (runiL), "the sun" (not *run-il). The exception to this is at morpheme boundaries, e.g. a-sil-i-han (AsiLIhaN "cats," from a-sil (AsiL) "cat."

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